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Relaxed Muscles: A Key To A Pain Free Life
Sciatica & Piriformis Syndrome Massage Treatment

Sciatica is a non specific term, which actually describes a symptom rather than a cause, and can be due to a number of different conditions. It refers to pain or discomfort affecting the low back, buttocks and legs, due to irritation or compression of the sciatic nerve, or its roots. Some of these conditions could include: Disc Herniation, Sacroiliac (SI) Joint Dysfunction, Spinal Stenosis, Pregnancy or Pririformis Syndrome. The Registered Massage Therapist will have to do an assessment and several tests to understand what the cause is before deciding which treatment should be done. 

The piriformis muscle, a thigh rotator muscle, is situated under the gluteus maximus muscle, and runs from the sacrum to the top of the thigh bone called the femur. The sciatic nerve travels under the piriformis muscle, or in some people through the muscle. Therefore, if the muscle is tense for any reason, it can irritate or compress the sciatic nerve causing pain that can radiate down the leg all the way down to the foot. Piriformis Syndrome is the compression of the sciatic nerve by the piriformis muscle. There are several causes for this syndrome: Trauma to the muscle, such as a fall or a car accident, can lead to spasms and scar tissue; bad posture or muscle imbalances and overuse of the muscle such as with bending and lifting, can all lead to trigger points (knots) in the piriformis muscle.

Massage Therapy can be very effective in the treatment of piriformis syndrome, since relaxing the muscle and getting rid of trigger points, can return the muscle to its normal size, so it will not be pressing on the sciatic nerve. The therapist can also show the client some useful stretches for the piriformis muscle, which should help a lot in between treatments. Like other treatments it can take several consecutive treatments, every few days or once a week to start with. Although some people can feel relieve even after just one or two treatments.

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